NATO-RUSSIA AGREEMENT AND U.S.-RUSSIA TREATY

Russian Proposals

NATO-RUSSIA AGREEMENT

Article 1

NATO MEMBER COUNTRIES

ALLIANCE EUROPEENNE DES NATIONS (VOLET PROTECTION)

.Protection

A. Rétablir l'autorité des Etats

  • L'Etat garant de la sécurité et de la vie de la Nation
  • L'Etat garant des droits des citoyens
  • Rendre aux Etats leurs moyens régaliens
  • Ne pas laisser le droit européen devenir une arme contre les Etats
  • Ouvrir la possibilité de coopération renforcée en matière de sécurité

B. Les nations européennes définiront la frontière extérieure de l'Europe

ALLIANCE EUROPEENNE DES NATIONS (VOLET COOPERATION)

Coopération

A. La coopération est un choix libre

  • La coopération par le biais d'agences spécifiques
  • Une Europe choisie et non subie
  • Défaire le piège de la supranationalité et l'élargissement sans fin
  • L'euro-réalisme à la place de l'illusion fédérale
  • Coopération: pragmatisme et fluidité

B. La coopération est une condition de la puissance

ALLIANCE EUROPEENNE DES NATIONS (VOLET EMANCIPATION)

Emancipation

A. Libérer l'Europe de l'idéologie européiste

B. Rendre aux nations leur liberté

  • Se défaire des ingérences européistes
  • Remettre les Etats au coeur des institutions
  • Rétablir la primauté du politique

C. Réaffirmer la souveraineté des peuples

LAUNCH OF 'D-FACTO'

A group of French researchers, journalists and specialists in developing the capacities of individuals to use the media and communication has nnounced the launch of the “De Facto” platform to fight disinformation, the French contribution to a project that on a European scale.

The initiative is the result of efforts by Agence France-Presse, the Sciences Po Institute in Paris (Medialab), the Center for Education and Media Linkage (Clemi) and the collaborative Xwiki SAS platform in response to a call for projects from the European Commission.

RUSSIA’S TOOLKIT OF MILITARY AND NONMILITARY TACTICS

A looming large-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine is unlikely. However, this does not preclude alternative, nonconventional military measures by Russia. These could entail various aspects of hybrid warfare, such as covert activity, political manipulation, cyberattacks, propaganda, and misinformation including the signaling of a potential invasion that we are seeing now. There is also the possibility of Russian military buildups elsewhere, such as weapons deployments to Kaliningrad or in countries that are friendlier to Moscow, such as Belarus.

RUSSIAN MILITARY OPTIONS IN UKRAINE

President Vladimir Putin is keeping the West guessing: Will he opt for a full-scale invasion or a more limited operation or simply keep Russian forces in place to maintain pressure on Kyiv and the West? Russia has a variety of options if Putin decides to launch an attack, depending on what Moscow wants to achieve, the price it is willing to pay and how the West responds.

Any offensive would most likely feature bombing raids, missile strikes and cyberattacks that could devastate Ukraine's military infrastructure, disrupt communications and pin down ground troops.

THREATS TO RUSSIAN SECURITY: THE VIEW FROM MOSCOW 22 YEARS AGO

Written in July 2000

Source: Stephen J. Blank (Strategic Studies Institute’s Expert on the Soviet bloc and the post-Soviet bloc)

GOVERNMENT DEBT TO GDP IN EU COUNTRIES

  1. Greece: 206.0
  2. Italy: 156.0
  3. Portugal: 134.0
  4. Spain: 120.0
  5. Cyprus: 118.0
  6. France: 116.0
  7. Belgium: 114.0
  8. Croatia: 88.7
  9. Austria: 83.9
  10. Slovenia: 80.8
  11. Hungary: 80.4
  12. Germany: 69.8
  13. Finland: 69.2
  14. Slovakia: 60.6
  15. Ireland: 59.5
  16. Poland: 57.5
  17. Netherlands: 54.5
  18. Malta: 54.3
  19. Lithuania: 47.3
  20. Romania: 47.3

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