ASSESSMENT LOBBY RULES/POLAND

ASSESSMENT LOBBY RULES/SPAIN

Spain

  • No rules
  • Draft lobbying on the verge of being adopted in previous legislature including register, broad definition, code of conduct and publication of lobby interctions. It is unclear how the new government will proceeed. Note that some regional authorities have adopted advanced regulations on lobbying. These could serve as a model for any future national legislation.
  • No register.

Recommendation

ASSESSMENT LOBBY RULES/ITALY

ASSESSMENT LOBBYING RULES/MEMBER STATES

Mandatory

  1. Austria
  2. Cyprus
  3. Finland
  4. France
  5. Germany
  6. Greece
  7. Ireland
  8. Poland

Partially Mandatory

  1. EU
  2. Italy
  3. Lithuania
  4. Luxembourg
  5. Slovenia

Voluntary

ASSESSMENT OF LOBBY RULES/FRANCE

ASSESSMENT OF LOBBY RULES/FINLAND

ASSESSMENT OF LOBBY RULES/AUSTRIA

 

Austria

  • Mandatory
  • Broad definition of lobbying
  • Only 137 lobbyists on the register. Each organization defines their own Code ofb Conduct
  • Register of Lobbyists- Scope: Executive Branch
  • Register categories: Identification, business registry number, field of activity, lobbying costs and revenues for intermediaries category.
  • Limited information available

Recommendation

DIGITAL INTERFERENCE FROM RUSSIA

Information manipulation and disinformation manoeuvres by Russian actors currently serve well identified strategic objectives:  to legitimize Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine, to undermine the cohesion of support for Ukraine, and to destabilize the societies of liberal democracies.

These actions target Ukraine first and foremost, but also Western public opinion and leaders as well as public opinions in third countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Russia has also recently stepped up its disinformation action in other regions, such as Latin America.

THE LAW OF UKRAINE « ON LOBBYING”

On February 23, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the Law of Ukraine “On Lobbying”. The law was signed by the President of Ukraine on 12 March 2024. For the first time in Ukraine, this law officially enshrines the term “lobbying” and the definition of related concepts, as well as establishes requirements for subjects conducting relevant activities, registration in the Transparency and Reporting Register, and restrictions on lobbying.

The concept of lobbying according to the adopted Law of Ukraine “On Lobbying”

RUSSIA’S INFORMATION WAR TO DISCREDIT UKRAINE

In the propaganda war, Russia remains fully committed to conducting information operations around the globe, playing the long game to outlast any unity among Ukraine’s allies and until Ukraine loses its will to fight. Russia is attacking Western public support to fund Ukraine’s defense and it has expanded targeted propaganda efforts in different parts of the world, including Latin America, Africa, and the Middle East.

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