ELECTRIC VEHICLES CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE IN EUROPE

The EU had 224,538 public charging points in 2020. 76% of all charging points are located in 4 countries (Netherlands, Germany, France, and UK). The four top selling EV markets in the EU represent 76% of public charging infrastructure but also concentrate 75% of the EVs, showing that both EV rollout and infrastructure deployment is happening in parallel. Since these countries represent such a large share of EU’s GDP and car sales, it is natural for these countries to be the starting point of new technology adoption.

THE EU’S REVOLVING DOOR

Past revolving-door scandals have over the years inspired pledges for more institutional accountability. Current rules require recent Commissioners to seek approval from the European Commission for new roles.

BASIC CLIMATE CHANGE TERMINOLOGY

EU4HEALTH CIVIL SOCIETY ALLIANCE MEMBERS

EU HEALTH COALITION MEMBERS

EUROPEAN FEDERATION OF PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRIES AND ASSOCIATIONS (EFPIA) MEMBERS

EUROPEAN PUBLIC HEALTH ALLIANCE (EPHA) MEMBERS

NEW EUROPEAN HEALTH AND DIGITAL EXECUTIVE AGENCY

As of April 1, a new Agency, the European Health and Digital Agency (HADEA) has taken up its role as the new body in charge of the financial management of key EU programmes. Among these are the newly adopted EU4Health programme (€5,1 billion), Horizon Europe: Pillar II, Cluster 1: Health: (€5,4 billion), and the Food safety side of Single Market Programme (€1,3 billion).

LOBBYING OF HEALTH ORGANIZATIONS IN THE U.S.

COVID 19 has led to a significant surge in health sector lobbying activity, especially within the pharmaceutical industry. Four segments—pharmaceutical , hospital , health insurance , and professional services accounted for 70.7% of the lobbying expenditures in the health sector. For COVID-19 lobbying, these segments accounted for 64.2% (26.4% for pharmaceutical, 13.4% for hospitals, 12.0% for health insurance and 12.4% for professional services. Across all segments of health sector lobbying, the biggest lobbying increases came from the pharmaceutical industry.

RECOGNIZING RUSSIAN INTERESTS

Historically, Russia’s geographic vulnerability has made establishing buffer zones critical to its national security. Erosion of the buffer, as in NATO expansion eastward, is viewed by the Kremlin as a threat to vital security interests. Russia is a continental power vulnerable to land attack and in the past has suffered tremendous devastation from large, powerful neighbors. For Russia buffer zones are critical to defend the country’s extensive borders.

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