Economic Public Diplomacy

Economic Public Diplomacy deals with the nexus between power and wealth in international affairs. Economic Public diplomacy is traditionally defined as the decision-making, policy-making and advocating of the sending state-business interests. Economic Public Diplomacy requires application of technical expertise that analyze the effects of a country's (receiving state) economic situation on its political climate and on the sending state's economic interests. The sending state and receiving state, foreign business leaders, as well as government decision-makers, work together on some of the most cutting-edge issues in foreign policy, such as technology, the environment, as well as in the more traditional areas of trade and finance. Versatility, flexibility, sound judgment and strong business skills are all needed in the execution of Economic Public Diplomacy.

Economic Public Diplomacy is  the process through which countries tackle the outside world, to maximize their national gain in all the fields of activity including trade, investment and other forms of economically beneficial exchanges, where they enjoy comparative advantage.; it has bilateral, regional and multilateral dimensions, each of which is important. Abroad, embassies, consulates, and trade offices handle Economic Public Diplomacy. The main focus is on promotion, to attract foreign business, investments, technology and tourists. Economic Public Diplomacy connects closely with political, public and other segments of diplomatic work.

All government agencies that are involved in international economic mandates are players in Economic Public Diplomacy . Further, non-state actors such as non-governmental organisations (NGOs) engaged in international economic activities are also players in Economic Public Diplomacy . Businesses and investors are also actors in the processes of Economic Public Diplomacy, especially when contacts between them and governments are initiated or facilitated by diplomats.

Cultural Public Diplomacy

Any person who interacts with different cultures, facilitates a form of cultural exchange, which can take place in fields such as art, sports, literature, music, science, business & economy and beyond.

Cultural Public Diplomacy may best be described as a course of actions, which are based on and utilize the exchange of ideas, values, traditions and other aspects of culture or identity, whether to strengthen relationships, enhance socio-cultural cooperation, promote national interests and beyond. Cultural Public Diplomacy can be practiced by either the public sector, private sector or civil society.

Cultural Public Diplomacy in practice is the application and implementation of the theory of cultural diplomacy, including all models that have been practiced throughout history by individual, community, state or institutional actors. These models include for example diverse cultural exchange programs, international delegations  or sports competitions.

In an increasingly globalized, interdependent world, in which the proliferation of mass communication technology ensures we all have greater access to each other than ever before, Cultural Public Diplomacy is critical to fostering peace & stability throughout the world. Cultural Public Diplomacy, when learned and applied at all levels, possesses the unique ability to influence the “Global Public Opinion” and ideology of individuals, communities, cultures or nations, which can accelerate the realization of the 5 principles below.

  1. Respect & Recognition of Cultural Diversity & Heritage
  2. Global Intercultural Dialogue
  3. Justice, Equality & Interdependence
  4. The Protection of International Human Rights
  5. Global Peace & Stability

Sports Public Diplomacy

Sports Public Diplomacy which is one of the most important tools of influencing and guiding international societies in our time, is used as one of the most effective, smart and magical power tools in the respect of reflecting the sports culture of a country and defending its interests, as well as creating foreign public opinion.

Many popular athletes serve as a role model to world youth, at some point they are seen as a representative of their country's public diplomacy . It is very important to have the power to bring together young people or sportsmen and sports staff (coaches, referees, sports managers, etc.), from different or similar cultures for the certain purposes and let them express to the outside world in terms of public diplomacy, communicate and interact with individuals from different cultures. The important thing to remember in terms of sports public diplomacy; athletes, coaches, referees and sport managers of a country are important ambassadors although it is an international image of the country . According to various indicators, international sporting achievements gained through national teams and national athletes play a convincing role in projecting the cultures and values of countries into their specific goals at the same time making soft power attractive to other nations . On the other hand, athletes play a role in diplomatic functions as being a mediator in the development of mutual understanding through a variety of joint programs among countries.

Scientific Public Diplomacy  

Scientific Public Diplomacy is mainly about the facilitation of international scientific collaboration and to support the scientific and technological community. It is about using public diplomacy in order to establish cooperation agreements at government or institutional level. The goal of actions of Scientific Public Diplomacy  is to benefit from foreign science and technology capacity in order to improve the national capacity. Scientific collaboration may be used to provide collaborative relationships that are based upon a non-ideological basis. The goal is to support Foreign Policy actions by mobilising scientific networks.


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