THE FRUGAL FOUR’S POSITION ON THE RECOVERY FUND

Austria, the Netherlands, Denmark and Sweden reject any instruments or measures leading to debt mutualization and any significant increase in the EU budget and propose a “loans for loans” approach in which the borrowed funds would be distributed as short-term loans, on favorable terms but on the basis of a “thorough needs assessment” and accompanied by “strong commitments” by the recipients to “reforms and the fiscal framework,” to support activities that would contribute to the recovery such as research and innovation, enhanced resilience in the health sector, and activities supporting the

CONVENTION CITOYENNE FRANCE SUR LE CLIMAT: 150 PROPOSITIONS

Modifications de la Constitution et des institutions

EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION FOR ELECTROMOBILITY (AVERE)

AVERE (The European Association for Electromobility) is the European association that promotes electromobility and sustainable transport across Europe.

THE EV CHARGING MARKET IN THE EU

They were over 190,000 charging points in the EU in 2019.

Number of Electric Cars charging points per country

KEY PLAYERS IN THE EV CHARGERS MARKET

  1. ABB
  2. Blink
  3. Bolloré Group
  4. Chargemaster (BP) (UK’s largest charging network operator with over 7000 charging points and also a leader in the installation of home charging and workplace charging solution)
  5. ChargePoint Inc.
  6. Chroma Ate Inc. (Chroma)
  7. Daimler Mercedes Benz
  8. Delphi Automotive
  9. Eaton Group
  10. Efacec
  11. EnBW
  12. EVBox (Engie) (A charging network operator from the Netherlands)
  13. EVgo
  14. FreeWire (BP) (provider of mobile charging solutions)

FRENCH DECENTRALIZATION OBJECTIVES

1. Réformer les principes organisant les relations entre l’État et les collectivités locales pour garantir la libre administration des collectivités.

FUTURE UK-EU RELATIONSHIP: WHAT THE UK WANTS

Alphabetical Listing of Topics

Coverage

The UK wants separate agreements covering different sectors. Each agreement would have its own governance arrangement.

Data

The UK accepts that the EU will decide whether to give the UK data adequacy, but expects this to be granted as it currently follows EU rules.

Energy

The UK believes that an energy agreement should be entered into only if the UK can maintain an independent energy policy.

Fisheries

TARIFFS AND QUOTAS IN THE EVENT OF A NO DEAL WITH THE UK

If a deal can’t be agreed with the EU, then the UK will default to World Trade Organization (WTO) terms from 1 January 2021. The UK would have to apply tariffs and quotas to goods coming into the country from the EU, and the EU would apply its “third-country” tariffs and quotas to the UK. That means the UK would be hit by big taxes when it tried to sell products to the EU market. The bloc’s average WTO tariffs are 11.1% for agricultural goods, 15.7% for animal products and 35.4% for dairy.

FRENCH REGIONS VS GERMAN LÄNDER

Ranking by Population

France

EUROPEAN GREEN DEAL TOPICS

1. Increasing climate ambition: cross-sectoral challenges

  • Preventing and fighting extreme wildfires with the integration and demonstration of innovative means
  • Towards climate-neutral and socially innovative cities
  • Climate-resilient innovation packages for EU regions

2. Clean affordable and secure energy

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