HOW XENOPHOBIA AND RACISM HAVE DICTATED U.S. IMMIGRATION POLICY

History

1903: The Anarchist Exclusion Act was passed. The legislation regulated immigration, banning not only perceived anarchists but also “people with epilepsy, beggars and importers of prostitutes.

1906: President Theodore Roosevelt signed the 1906 Naturalization Act, which required that immigrants learn English in order to become eligible to be a naturalized U.S. citizen.

POSITIVE APPLICATIONS FOR ASYLUM IN THE EU (2017)

Source: EuroStat

U.S. CASE AGAINST CHINA

U.S. President Donald Trump has approved tariffs worth USD 50 billion on import of goods from China. China will respond with retaliatory tariffs on USD 50 billion of U.S. products such as cars, planes and soybeans.

The U.S. Trade Representative has found that

UNDERSTANDING SECTION 232 OF THE U.S. TRADE EXPANSION ACT

Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 authorizes the U.S. President to impose import restrictions to protect U.S. national security.

1. Under Section 232, the Commerce Department initially conducts an investigation to determine the effects of imports on U.S. 'national security'.

2.  The term 'national security' is not defined, although Commerce has indicated in past Section 232 investigations that a threat to U.S. national security can arise either:

(i) by fostering U.S. dependence on unreliable or unsafe imports;

25 EU BARRIERS AS REPORTED BY U.S. SMEs AND OTHERS

GERMANY’S DILEMMA ON U.S. TARIFFS

Germany is among the countries that have much to lose in case of an escalation of the current trade dispute with the U.S. Therefore, despite President Donald Trump’s administration imposing tariffs on steel and aluminium from the EU, Germany favours continuing talks and seeking compromise. Germany’s caution is beneficial: it reduces the risk of a political crisis in transatlantic relations, protects economic interests, and creates an opportunity to block the construction of the Russia-backed Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline.

HOW TO COUNTER TRUMP’S TARIFFS ?

Active Lobbying Required

EUROPE'S STAKE IN AMERICA: A MUST READ FOR TRUMP!

European firms maintain their dominant foreign investment position in the United States. Of total U.S. inflows of $385 billion in 2016, 72% were from Europe, with inflows from Europe totaling an estimated $277 billion for the year. That reflects the strategy of European firms to be “inside” the world’s largest and most dynamic market.  

Ranking of Top 20 States by jobs supported directly by European investment (Thousands of employees) (2014)

G7 COMMUNIQUE ON TRADE (NOT ENDORSED BY THE USA)

  1. Acknowledgement that free, fair and mutually beneficial trade and investment, while creating reciprocal benefits are key engines for growth and job creation.
  2. Underlining the crucial role of a rules-based international trading system and fight against protectionism.
  3. Bilateral, regional and plurilateral agreements must be open, transparent, inclusive and WTO-consistent, and they should complement the multilateral trade agreements.
  4. Commitment to modernize the WTO to make it more fair as soon as possible.

EU BARRIERS FOR U.S. EXPORTERS AND INVESTORS

U.S. exporters and investors face persistent barriers to entering, maintaining, or expanding their presence in certain sectors of the EU market. Some of the most significant barriers have endured despite repeated efforts at resolution through bilateral consultations or WTO dispute settlement.

TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE / SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY BARRIERS

Technical Barriers to Trade

Pages

Subscribe to Association of Accredited Public Policy Advocates to the European Union RSS