EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMON TERMINOLOGY

  1. dangerous infectious diseases - human infectious diseases and parasitic diseases which, in relation to their malignant clinical progression, capacity for spreading rapidly and the lack of an effective prophylaxis or means of medical treatment endanger public health.
  2. human infectious disease - a disease induced by an infectious disease-causing agent, the spread of which may cause an epidemic (hereinafter - the infectious disease);

CONFINEMENT EN ESPAGNE

Mesures applicables à tous les résidents en Espagne pendant au moins deux semaines. 

Le gouvernement central espagnol est la seule autorité compétente pour toutes les régions espagnoles, primant sur les gouvernements régionaux, dans les domaines de la Défense, de l'Intérieur, des Transports et de la Santé, et cela jusqu'à la fin de l'état d'alerte.  

Durant les deux semaines de confinement, les commerces qui restent ouverts au public sont

CONFINEMENT EN ESPAGNE

Mesures applicables à tous les résidents en Espagne pendant au moins deux semaines. 

Le gouvernement central espagnol est la seule autorité compétente pour toutes les régions espagnoles, primant sur les gouvernements régionaux, dans les domaines de la Défense, de l'Intérieur, des Transports et de la Santé, et cela jusqu'à la fin de l'état d'alerte.  

Durant les deux semaines de confinement, les commerces qui restent ouverts au public sont

COVID-19 AND COUNTRIES HAVING DECLARED A STATE OF EMERGENCY IN THE EU

  1. Slovakia
  2. Czech Republic
  3. Hungary
  4. Latvia (until Easter)
  5. Bulgaria
  6. Spain (State of Alert)
  7. Italy
  8. Portugal (State of Alert) until 9 April
  9. Estonia (until 1st May)

BORDER RESTRICTIONS IN THE EU

  1. Austria: Austria is banning entry to anyone arriving from Italy without a health certificate. In order to prevent the further spread of coronavirus, the Austrian government has issued a regulation for health checks upon entry from Italy. Two mobile health check teams carry out selective health checks in the Brenner border area (motorway, state road and train traffic) and at the Sillian and Reschenpass borders. During the health checks, temperature measurements are carried out at random.

FRENCH MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS 2020

French voters head to the polls on March 15 and 22 to elect some 35,000 mayors and more than ten times as many councilors. Just over 500,000 council seats are up for grabs in the country’s 34,970 municipalities. All mayoral candidates are required to present gender-balanced “lists”, or tickets, for their council. The seats are allocated on a proportional basis, with a “majority bonus” for towns of more than 1,000 inhabitants. If a single ticket wins more than 50% of votes in the first round, there is no need for a run-off.

STATE OF ALERT IN SPAIN

Declaring Spain to be in a “state of alert is a measure included in article 116 of the Constitution and is the first of three levels that can be declared, the next being state of emergency and the highest level a state of siege. 

The state of alert in Spain allows the government to take wide-ranging measures for up to 15 days, including

MITIGATING SOCIO-ECONOMIC DAMAGE OF COVID-19

  1. Austria: Austria is setting aside € 4 billion euros in liquidity and subsidies to support the economy against the impact of the coronavirus,
  2. Belgium: No announced measures so far.
  3. Bulgaria: No measures so far.
  4. Croatia: No measures announced yet, but the government is assessing the impact of the virus.
  5. Cyprus: The government of the Republic of Cyprus is preparing a financial stimulus package to mitigate the virus’ impact on the island’s tourism and travel sectors.
  6. Czech Republic: No measures so far.

BANNING TRAVEL FROM EUROPE: A DISTRACTION

There is no  strong evidence that travel bans work to stop the spread of the disease. Instead, travel restrictions can cause more harm than good by hindering info-sharing, medical supply chains and harming economies. These types of measures have been shown to be ineffective at halting the spread of viruses. At best, travel restrictions, and even airport screenings, delay pathogens from moving — but they don’t impact the number of people who eventually get sick. Rather, they make it harder for international aid and experts to reach communities affected by disease.

IMPROVING HEALTH SECURITY IN EUROPE

  1. Establish an objective process to identify and assess health threats, independent of international health authorities and develop a robust policy for handling advisors’ conflicts of interest in relation to decisions about medicines or other therapies intended for use in health emergencies.
  2. Epidemiological surveillance needs to be improved in terms of enhanced coordination amongst different organizations; harmonization of data collection; communication and most of all capacity building and preparedness planning for emergency situations.

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