LES PROBLEMES STRUCTURELS DE L’UNION EUROPEENNE

Source : Fondation Robert Schuman

FIVE SCENARIOS FOR EU RUSSIAN SANCTIONS

The following scenarios are constructed using as parameters the criteria that guided the design of the EU sanctions package, specified in a joint letter by the President of the European Council and the European Commission. These include: “effectiveness, cost/benefit, balance across sectors and Member States, international coordination, reversibility/scalability, legal defensibility/ease of enforcement”. The following scenarios are designed as possible options, and conceived in a neutral fashion. Each scenario includes an assessment of the likelihood that each will materialise.

THE EUROPEAN PROJECT OF THE NATIONAL RALLY

European cooperation cannot be contemplated without a definition of what Europe is. The nations of Europe share in common civilization values, roots and a common history drawn in Greece, Ancient Rome, Christendom and humanism of Renaissance. In the recent history, European countries have endured conflicts and wars often linked to ambitions of building empires by subordination and denying national realities. We need to be wary of this drifting that today characterizes the European Union.

LE PROJET EUROPEEN DU RASSEMBLEMENT NATIONAL

La coopération européenne ne peut s’envisager sans définir ce qu’est l’Europe. Les nations d’Europe ont en commun des valeurs de civilisation, des racines et une histoire communes qu’elles puisent dans la Grèce et la Rome Antique puis la Chrétienté et l’humanisme de la Renaissance. Dans l’histoire, même assez récente, les pays d’Europe ont connu des conflits et des guerres souvent liés aux velléités d’ériger des empires en subordonnant et en niant les réalités nationales. Il faut se garder de cette dérive qui caractérise aujourd’hui l’Union européenne.

THE POLITICAL FORCE OF ANTI-ESTABLISHMENT RIGHT-WING PARTIES

Anti-establishment right-wing parties are expected to increase their share of seats significantly, and could become the second force in the European Parliament (20% with 147 seats) ahead of S&D should they agree to coalesce in spite of their differences. Eurosceptic parties across the continent will improve on their positions and could possibly make up a third of the European Parliament seats after the elections in May.

THE CRIMEAN TRIANGLE: CRIMEA-RUSSIA-UKRAINE

On March 12, 2019 representatives of the Historical Perspective Foundation and the Russian Historical Society, gathered for a joint conference in Moscow which was titled: “The Crimean Triangle: Crimea-Russia-Ukraine 1954-2014”

Vladimir Konstantinov, Chairman of the State Council of the Republic of Crimea: “Crimea is a sacred place for Russia. The referendum in the Crimea came as a signal for the entire Russian world, for the entire world community about the agenda and the potential of modern Russia.”

ALARMING REPORT ON BIODIVERSITY

  1. The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) warns of an imminent rapid acceleration in the global rate of species extinction. Half to one million species face extinction, many within decades due to human influence. The pace of loss is already tens to hundreds of times higher than it has been, on average, over the last 10 million years. Many experts think a so-called mass extinction event, only the sixth in the last half-billion years, is already on the way.

EP CURRENT SEAT PROJECTION OF NATIONALIST PARTIES

  1. Liga (Italy): 26 seats
  2. Rassemblement National (RN): 20 seats
  3. AfD (Germany): 11 seats
  4. UKIP (UK): 9 seats
  5. Vox (Spain): 6 seats
  6. PS (Finland): 3 seats
  7. FPO (Austria): 5 seats
  8. DF (Denmark): 2 seats
  9. PVV (Netherlands): 2 seats
  10. VB (Belgium): 1 seat
  11. SVG (Slovakia): 1 seat
  12. SPD (Czech Republic): 1 seat
  13. Volya (Bulgaria): 1 seat

Total: 88 seats

RUSSIAN VIEWS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

Source: Author: Andrey Kortunov, Director General, Russian International Affairs Council, RIAC Member

UN DRAFT RESOLUTION A/73/L.47 (17.12.2018)

On 17, December 2018, the UN General Assembly adopted a Ukraine-initiated resolution entitled "Problem of the Militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol, Ukraine, as well as Parts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. The resolution was previously introduced by a group of 40 states headed by Ukraine.

A total of 66 states supported the document, 19 voted against it, and 72 abstained.

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